South Asia Youth Conference

BBPPF Bharat Chapter is going to support the initiative of South Asia Youth Conference. Preparatory (South Asian level) meeting will be held at Bharat on March 20 instead of Bangladesh as the situation is not permissible to hold the meeting there. Everybody requested to extend his / her co operation in this regard.

Details proposals and draft papers are available at the Face Book page of South Asia Youth conference.



Ashfaq Fateh

Founder member and President of Pakistan Chapter of Bangladesh Bharat Pakistan People’s Forum has been expired on 2oth April after prolonged treatment of Liver failure.

It is our big loss.



Tri-national Youth & T.U. activists meet will be held at Kolkata, U.P. & New Delhi from 10th to 18th August 2013

1st Independent Provisional Government of India  The Arzi Hukumat-e-Azad Hind was established on 1st  December 1915 at Kabul, Afghanistan by the then Indian Revolutionaries during World War I. It had Raja Mahendra Pratap Singh as President, Maulana Barkatullah as Prime Minister, Maulavi Abaidullah Sindhi as Home Minister, Maulavi Bashir as War Minister, Ali Zakaria as Minister of Communications and Champakraman Pillai as Minister for foreign affairs.

Inaugural program of the centenary has been started from 1st December 2012 at Kolkata.

Centenary of Kamagata Maru, Hindusthan Gadhar Party, Battle of Baleshwar (Balasore) and many glorious events will falls during these three years which are pride history of patriotism.

It was an important part of our long common history of united struggle for independence. After the end of Kamagata Maru episode under the Hindusthan Gadhar Party and prior to the Soviet October Revolution, Indian Freedom fighter was in continuous plan of action of freedom struggle to liberate mother land.

As part of the 3 years long Centenary of 1st provisional Azad Hind government of 1st December 2015

Centenary of Bombing to Lord Charles Hardinge was also held on 23.12.12, Basnta Biswas’s birth anniversary also observed on 5th February at his Village, 123rd birth day will also be observed on 23 – 25th May, battle of Palassy day (Black day) and Siraj-Ud-Doullah day also be observed on June and July. Meanwhile BBPPF Youth Conventions are also going on in different places.

In continuation of these programs a Tri-national Youth & T.U. activists meet will be held at Kolkata, U.P. & New Delhi from 10th to 18th August 2013.

Therefore, you are invited to participate to all those 8 days programs at Bharat.

Program details will be published afterwards.



Letter sent to The Prime Ministers & President of Pakistan & India on 13.01.13

Bangladesh Chapter – Block 1, (5/ kha) Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka

Bharat: 28 Gurudwara Rakabganj Road. New Delhi 110 001Ph: +91-11-33175059, Fax: +91-11-23714131.

Pak – A/2 Shawal Plaza Latif Abad Ring Road Peshawar NWFP, Pakistan Ph. 0092-91-2041129. 2041130

Tri-national H.Q. – Room 803, Building No. 4, Parliament enclave. Dhaka, Bangladesh

bbppf.bharat@gmail.com, bbppftrinational@gmail.com, http://bbppftrinational.blog.com/

——————————————————————————————————————————————

Dated: 13.01.013

Pacify the hot situation between Pakistan & India arises out of beheading two Lance Naik of Rajputana Rifles Namely Sri Hemraj Singh & Sri Sudhakar Singh in Punch Sector border between Pakistan and India

Beheading of the Army men is very objectionable and unwanted. In India too, tension is growing among the masses which are also unwanted.

Indian Government is claiming responsibility of Pakistan Army whereas Pakistan Government was denying it.

3rd Party Investigation was proposed by Pakistan where Government of India opposing it.

Government of India proposed to hold a Brigadier level meeting whereas Pakistan opposing.

New Visa policy was stalled and Aman Ki Paygam was also stopped.

Today’s Statement came out in media what yesterday’s expression by the Indian Air Force Chief is also countable to us all. Lot of measures which have been taken by the both Governments is really challenging the peace process which ultimately gives dividends to the hands of War mongers and enemy of the peace, tranquility and development.

It is also reported that in Pakistan more than 130 people were murdered by the ‘Sectarian’ Forces in this same time.

This year is the Election year of Pakistan. Next year is also Election year of India.

There is lot of National –International players are always ready to catch fishes in the difference between Pakistan & India.

In this above mention situation we apple to all concern particularly People & Government of India & Pakistan to pacify the tension arising out of beheading of two Army Jawan in Poonch.

Meeting between high Official representatives of India & Pakistan is urgently necessary to condemn the beheading case and for all newly disputes raised, form an investigation committee on behalf of Government of Pakistan in association of Human Rights Organisation of Pakistan to dig out the true. We like to propose to consider an investigation team consisting representative from Bangladesh, India & Pakistan. Government of India is requested to consider the situation of Pakistan and its Election year and Government of Pakistan also request to consider the sentiment of Indian People out of this situation.

Regards,
For Secretariat, Tri-national Committee
Chairman: Sri Debabrata Biswas (Ex M.P.) Upper House from India
Secretary General: Janb Moeenuddin Khan Badal (M.P.) from Bangladesh

Treasurer: Md. Nawaz Arain from Pakistan
Bangladesh Bharat Pakistan People’s Forum



Demands adopted in the BBPPF Youth Convention dated 23rd January 2013 at Indian Association Hall, Kolkata

(1). Pay due respect to & declare Azad Hind Government as first independent Government in exile by the Government of Pakistan, Bharat & Bangladesh.

(2). Review & re-write the Constitution.

(3). Scrap all agreements with the Imperialist Countries, foreign Multinationals and come out from World Bank, International Monetary fund & W.T.O.

(4). U.N.O must not be a caucus of some handful countries.

(5). Bring back all assets of Azad Hind Government & Money deposited in foreign banks. Declare the names of those who kept moneys in the Foreign Banks (Tax Heavens).

(6). Declare the names of the Bank defaulters (Industry, Corporations, and guarantors’ to the Companies) and arrange to return the dues.

(7). Form Joint Political & Military Command of South Asia.

(8). Withdraw all cases and release all prisoners in relation with Political & Social movement in South Asian countries unconditionally.

(9). Withdraw all repressive Laws in the name of rule the country.

(10). All power to be given to the People



Report of Inauguration of Centenary of Arzi Hukumat-e-Azad Hind held on its 97 years, the 3 days Tri-national program from 1st-3rd December 2012 at Kolkata

Report of the 3 days Tri-national program from 1st-3rd December 2012 at Kolkata

Inauguration of Centenary of Arzi Hukumat-e-Azad Hind (01.12.1915 – 01.12.2015) on its 97 years was held

On 01.12.2012 Program started at 4.15 P.M. through Garlanding the Martyrs tomb. Opening song was sung by Agarpara Agneebina Samsad after 1 minute silence. A seminar on ‘Role of Civil Society for the Peace & prosperity’ at Indian Association (Bharat Sabha) Hall 62, B. B. Ganguly Street, Kolkata 700 012 (in collaboration with Indian Association). Speakers were Dr. Meher Engineer, Mr. O. P. Saha, Prof. Satyabrata Chowdhury, Manik Samajdar, Prof. A.I. Khan, Dr. Rahamat Ullah (from Jharkhand), Chitto Goswami, Niranjan Halder (eminent Jouranilst and activist) and Abdul Khaleque Nannu (from Bangladesh)

 

On 02.12.2012 at 3.00 P.M. one seminar “All three BBP Government should acknowledge and pay due respect to the Azad Hind Government” was held at Sri Sri Harichand- Guruchand Research Foundation, New Town-Kolkata.

Speakers were Manik Samajdar, Prof. Dr. A. K. Alam, Haripada Biswas, Dr. Murtaja Hossain, Professor Prof. A.I. Khan, Dr. Rahamat Ullah, Agam Ram (from Jharkhand), Kartick Chaterjee, Swapan Biswas (Ex. I.A.S.), Prantosh Bandopadhyay, Sri Pranab Banerjee, Dhruba Saha,  Abdul Khaleque Nannu (from Bangladesh) and President of the meeting Sri Rupam Chowdhury.

The meeting was very selective in invitation where Manik Samajdar General Secretary Bangladesh Bharat Pakistan People’s Forum moved one resolution was placed and adopted unanimously after some addition. The Resolution is as under:

[(Adopted the Resolution placed before the delegates attended in the seminar “All three BBP Government should acknowledge and pay due respect to the Azad Hind Governmentwas held on 02.12. 2012 at Sri Sri Harichand-Guruchand Research Foundation, New Town-Kolkata.

1st Independent Provisional Government of India  The Arzi Hukumat-e-Azad Hind was established on 1st  December 1915 at Kabul, Afghanistan by the then Indian Revolutionaries during World War I. It had Raja Mahendra Pratap Singh as President, Maulana Barkatullah as Prime Minister, Maulavi Abaidullah Sindhi as Home Minister, Maulavi Bashir as War Minister, Ali Zakaria as Minister of Communications and Champakraman Pillai as Minister of Foreign Affairs to oust the British imperialism from the soil of Indian subcontinent.

After the end of Kamagata Maru episode under the Hindusthan Gadhar Party and prior to the Soviet October Revolution, Indian Freedom fighter was in continuous plan of action to liberate mother land. The great Revolutionary Rashbehari Basu was behind the plan; Mufti & Moulana of Deobandh Madrasa were attached with that plan and action.

Centenary of Kamagata Maru, Hindusthan Gadhar Party, Battle of Baleshwar (Balasore) and many glorious events will falls in these three years which are pride of our common Freedom struggle for liberating mother land. The year 2013 will be the 70 years of that Azad Hind Fouz (Army).

These years are with the great importance to the patriot of this South Asia and scope to not only take pledge and show respect to martyrs but to really fulfillment of the dream of those martyrs, and the Azad Hind Government.

In the above context, we call upon all Patriotic, anti imperialism-Capitalism & anti Communal forces of South Asia to come forward, be united and formulate a joint action plan so that Imperialism, corporate hungry war monger Capitalism and all reminiscence of feudalism is ousted at least from this subcontinent.

The House demand to

 

1. Accept & declare Azad Hind Government as first independent Government in exile of our Pakistan, Bharat & Bangladesh!

2. Re- writes the Constitution!

3. Scrap all Agreements with the Imperialist Countries, foreign Multinationals, World Bank, and International Monetary fund.

4. Come out from W.T.O. Oppose & dismantle U.N.O.

5. Demand apology from British Government for their atrocities, killings and damage of our society!

6. Demand from British government to return the property looted after the battle of Palassy.

7. Bring back all assets of Azad Hind Government & Money deposited in Foreign banks (Tax Heavens)!

8. Declare the names of those who kept moneys in the Foreign Banks!

9. Declare the names of the Bank defaulters (Industry, Corporations, and guarantors’ to the Companies).

10. Abolish Administrative boundary among South Asian Countries!

11. Form Joint Military Command of South Asia!

12. Form Joint Political Command of South Asia!

13. Release all political prisoners in South Asian countries unconditionally!)]

Prof. Dr. A. K. Alam added to expose the conspiracy behind the partition of the Country; forming different subgroup to implement the resolution, Tri-national Administrative Forum may be a confederation or like U.E., Non-aggression pact and easy visa process to enhance people to people relation. Dr. Murtaja Hossain also emphasise to extensive activity of the Forum. Prof. A. I. Khan pointed out to Planning-Implementation and monitoring the adopted resolution, Kartick Chatterjee spoke to emphasis one or two result oriented action and opined Governments will change not BBPPF. Supporting Chatterjee A. K. Nannu dreamed that BBPPF will be a challenge of this century. Haripada Biswas contributed with some historically evidence in regards to partition scheme exposed in 1940 and Murder of Siraj-Ud-Doullah to Mujibar Rahman, he also support the point of Dr. A.K. Alam to form different subgroup. In presidential speech Sri Rupam Chowdhury summed up the resolution with above mention accepted points in action part and alerted that the ruling class not only parted the country but also parted the people notoriously in different manner.

On 3.12.2012 at 6 P.M. a seminar on “Desirability & feasibility of Bangladesh Bharat Pakistan Confederation” was held at Conference Room of Academy of Fine Arts, Kolkata (in collaboration with Centre for Peace & Progress). Adv. Sardar Amjad Ali (Ex. M.P. of 5 times), Prof. Tarun Sanyal (President, Intellectual Forum), Sri Harka Bahadur (M.L.A. from Darjeeling), Amitava Dutta (President JDU, W.B.), Mr. Mitra (former DIG, BSF), Md. Salim (EX. M.P. CPIM), Conl. Sabyasachi Bagchi (Vice Presicent T.M.C.), Adv.Abdul Ajij, Adv. Idris Ali (Kolkata high Court), Sri Amit Chakraborty (PIPFPD), Sri S. C. Byne, Rupam Chowdhury (Communal Harmony Committee), Prof. Dr. A. K. Alam (Khidirpur College), Rabindra Nath Chakraborty (President Hindu Muslim Friendship Association), Surjanshu Bhattacharya (President Awarded Teacher) and Abdul Khaleque (BD) spoke on the subject. Seminar was coordinated by Mr. O. P. Shah (Chairman Centre for Peace & Progress). Mr. Shah introduces the audience and place the subject matter in short

In he first round opinion Adv. Sardar Amjad Ali express his doubt about the feasibility as there are three different Constitution and culture.

Prof. Tarun Sanyal said positive Confederation of three countries is possible if foundation based on class consciousness. Globalisation and liberalisation of human resources is needed, there should be commonwealth of intellectuals to face the rift overled politicians, he calls to come together to develop interactions.

Md. Salim raised the question whether it is proper time to discuss eh proposal of Confederation. Stability of Pakistan, better federalism in India, Pakistan & Bangladesh is required. Bangladesh and Pakistan are fearful of big brother attitude. Confederation is nor feasible when Saarc failed, let do us have benefit of cooperation like ease of visa, commerce & trade.

Conl. Sabyasachi Bagchi- Problem of feasibility of confederation can be out when strong desire is there. We three countries have more problems and will be in future however we can proceed as strong historical & cultural bondage we have including long history of anti colonial struggle.

Amitava Dutta mention the proposal of confederation of Lohiaji when even Bangladesh was not created, he kept the question of desire by parliament who downed the percentage is less than 50. Now feasibility is not there.

Amit Chakraborty – We have ineffective Saarc however people have the desire which is to be hounered problems are to be addressed.

Mr. Mitra told proxy war from Pakistan is problem to enhance feasibility; Pakistan is worst sufferer of terrorism and we must listen the voice of people.

It was a very interesting seminar as audience opined. Participants and audience both was very much serious on the subject. Not a single minutes was break

Lastly summed up & vote of thanks given by Manik Samajdar General Secretary BBPPF (Bharat).



Submit this Memorandum of BBPPF to the Heads (President /Prime Minister) of Governments of Bangladesh,Bharat & Pakistan

Bangladesh Chapter – Block 1, (5/ kha) Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka

Bharat: 28 Gurudwara Rakabganj Road. New Delhi 110 001Ph: +91-11-33175059, Fax: +91-11-23714131.

Pak – A/2 Shawal Plaza Latif Abad Ring Road Peshawar NWFP, Pakistan Ph. 0092-91-2041129. 2041130

Tri-national H.Q. – Room 803, Building No. 4, Parliament enclave. Dhaka, Bangladesh

bbppf.bharat@gmail.com, bbppftrinational@gmail.com, http://bbppftrinational.blog.com/

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Sl.No…………                                                                                                    Date:………………..

 

Memorandum of Bangladesh-Bharat-Pakistan Peoples’ Forum (BBPPF) to the Heads (President /Prime Minister) of Governments of Bangladesh,Bharat & Pakistan

 

To

The President / Prime Minister

Government of Bangladesh, Bharat & Pakistan

……………………………………………..

………………………………………………

 

Respected Sir/Madam,

The great Indian subcontinent was once a very big entity having common heritage of an ancient civilization, close social bonding and a unique spirit of unity in diversity. Subsequently due to imperialist interventions, it was divided into the present three constituents of Bangladesh, Bharat and Pakistan. But basically this division was more a political and administrative than a cultural one. Hence the people of these three countries still continue to share their age-old traditional feeling of oneness in cultural and philosophical approach to life and nature. Overcoming all sorts of political and administrative barriers, they all have an inner urge to explore and exchange the common areas of cultural, social and commercial bondage. Out of this inner urge of the people of Bangladesh, Bharat and Pakistan BBPPF is born and is constantly endeavouring to widen and strengthen the mutual relationship between the peoples of these three countries.

These three nations, though having separate nation-state identities, share common social, cultural, economic and political characteristics, making it easier for the nations and their peoples to come together and emerge as a leader of a block of nations pursuing alternative paths of development in the community of nations. We need to remember the political positions we take domestically determine to a large extent what positions we shall take in the international arena.

BBPPF is a citizen’s platform and not confined to any group of political parties. But it needs to be underlined that progressive forces (with diverse ideological backgrounds and sources of inspiration from the icons of anti imperialist struggles in these countries) are the natural constituents of this citizen platform. This is not a front organization of political parties or NGOs. Contours of its identity will be defined by those who work to build it into a broad pro-people democratic frame work. It will work with clear commitment towards its transparently defined goals in an open ended and inclusive fashion.

            Coming together will also mean understanding each other’s problems, extending one’s expertise to help in solving them and finally paving the way for peaceful co-existence and achieving prosperity with equality. Towards achieving these goals, Bangladesh-Bharat-Pakistan People’s Forum has the following suggestions to make:

1)                              Constitute a Tri-national permanent forum of Bangladesh, Bharat and Pakistan to resolve all disputed issues through multi-track dialogues and discussions with a view to achieve rapid economic development and prosperity with equality of its people. We, the people of the three countries promise to be with you for any initiatives taken in fulfillment of the above goals.

2)                              Today, Water has become a serious issue. Hence mutually beneficial agreements should be evolved on water-sharing of common rivers including the sharing of hydroelectric power. That country should be fully compensated whose river water has been used beyond the limits set by the Agreement between the countries. Maritime boundaries should also be taken care of.

3)                              We have a common heritage and rich history of diverse knowledge systems and sciences. Our region has been the birthplace of many faiths and leaders of vision, piety and spirituality. For thousands of years people of different faiths have lived in traditions of co-living and mutuality. We also have a rich tradition of literature and music. Hence the foremost requirement is to encourage and promote people to people contact through exchange of writers, poets, intellectuals, cultural and social activists. In order to make this happen, please allow free movement of the Citizens of these three Countries inside each other’s territory. Instead of the current practice in Bharat (India) and Pakistan of granting City to City visas, allow country wide visas as exists for the citizens of all other countries of the world. Make the visa system simple with no visa fee or at the most charging a nominal fee only.

4)                              To wave visa formalities eventually, start issuing at least 100 free visas each every year to Doctors, Educationists, Cultural Activists, Artists, Advocates, Social & Peace Activists, Writers & Poets, Sports Persons, Media persons, Business people as is being done for Parliamentarians of SAARC.

5)                              In Cases of medical emergencies visa on arrival should be granted.

6)                              Simplify trade and Commerce formalities, remove non-tariff barriers, reduce imbalance of trade between the countries as far as possible and encourage free movement of Labour.

7)                              Minimize and equalize Postal, Telegraph and I.S.D. cost at least among these 3 Countries. Allow telecast of Television Channels and circulation of Newspapers freely among these countries.

8)                              Till the introduction of a common SAARC currency, allow the people of these three countries visiting each other’s country to use Rupee, Taka and Rupiah instead of the foreign currency Dollar or Euro.

9)                              Evening Parade by Ranger’s and B.S.F. at the Atari-Waugha border appears to be provocative. This practice needs to be reviewed.

10)                          Release all the prisoners of each other’s countries imprisoned in their national jails and accept them without any prejudice when they are released.

11)                          Stop the arms race, reduce budget allocation in defence and enhance allocation for the economic, education, social & research sectors. Go for a long term non-aggression and cooperation pact and form a joint defence mechanism towards committing a war-free South Asia working towards global disarmament.

12)                          Find out a strategy to protect and promote the practice of democracy in each of the three countries so that democracy becomes institutionalized, which is a precondition for the eradication of poverty and hunger, respect for Human Rights and establishment of peace.

13)                          Joint initiative to make the state secular and societies truly pluralist so as to give dignified, just, cultural and social space to its entire people with their diverse backgrounds.

14)                          Preserve the Himalayan eco-system in order to save our region from the disastrous impact of Climate change brought about by the blind profit driven activities of the developed countries. This could be done by making demands on all offender countries to fully comply with the Kyoto Protocol.

15)                          All this should lead to planning for dignified and sustainable livelihoods in the region.

16)                          We will keep on making our suggestions on other serious issues like adverse land enclaves, Railway and road corridors, border management, pilgrimage facilities, tourism etc. as and when required.

Regards,

………………………………………….. (Signature)

……………………………………………(Name)

……………………………………. Chapter

Bangladesh-Bharat-Pakistan People’s Forum

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We propose: Without avoiding any International forum the Govt. of Bangladesh, the Govt. of Bharat and the Govt. of Pakistan must form a joint Tri-national forum without any delay, where without Interference of any fourth Country all disputed bi-lateral and tri-lateral issues will be resolved through Protracted, systematically and peaceful discussion.

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Refreshed Constitution, Aims and Objects, Rules & Regulations of B.B.P.P.F. after conference

Bangladesh Chapter – Block 1, (5/ kha) Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka

Bharat: 28 Gurudwara Rakabganj Road. New Delhi 110 001Ph: +91-11-33175059, Fax: +91-11-23714131.

Pak – A/2 Shawal Plaza Latif Abad Ring Road Peshawar NWFP, Pakistan Ph. 0092-91-2041129. 2041130

Tri-national H.Q. – Room 803, Building No. 4, Parliament enclave. Dhaka, Bangladesh

bbppf.bharat@gmail.com, bbppftrinational@gmail.com, http://bbppftrinational.blog.com/

———————————————————————————————————————-

Constitution, Aims and Objects, Rules & Regulations of

Bangladesh Bharat Pakistan People’s Forum

 

(Finalised after collecting all accepted and acceptable suggestions came out from the different National, Tri-national meeting & Conferences)

 

1] Name of the Organisation: – Bangladesh Bharat Pakistan People’s Forum [B.B.P.P.F.]

2] Head Quarter: - Its head quarter will be situated in three countries by rotation. First Head Quarter is at Dhaka, Bangladesh.

3] National Addresses: - 3 different Addresses in three Countries.

4] FLAG - Map of three countries in a Red base at 1/3rd portion of the left side of the flag and 2/3 rd portions will be colured by the colour of three countries national flag in equal 6 parts from up to downwards as Green, white, Saffron, Bottle green, White and Bottle green,

5] Logo & Letter head- That is name of the organisation in five languages in middle portion of letter head and photo of Siraj-Ud-Doullah, Shahid-E-Azam Bhagat Singh and Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose in the left side and 3 national flag on the right side of the letter head.

6] Aims and objects of the forum: -

a) Strengthening and developing solidarity and people to people relationship through exchange of fraternal delegation, and mutually developing our culture, literature and sports to promote friendship and brother-hood among the people of these three countries.

b) Developing Patriotic, Secular and Democratic Peoples’ movement.

c) Revealing the real history of Independent struggle and holding high the banner of Anti – Imperialist Struggle.

d) Form a tri-national permanent forum of these three Governments.

e) Prevent any sort of fourth country intervention in the matters of three countries.

f) Solution of all outstanding and upcoming issues peacefully and amicably.

g] Oppose communalism, dogmatism, fundamentalism, sectarianism and any ‘Just’ or ‘unjust’ war or proxy war between and among these countries, jointly.

h) To negotiate and exert pressure on the governments of three countries for free entry of the citizens of one country into other country of at lest simplify the visa formalities.

i) To negotiate for reducing present postal and telephone tariff among those three countries.

j) To arrange for frequently people to people meet by exchanging delegation of students, educationist, cultural and social activist, sports persons, legal and medical personalities, Scientists, peasants and workers etc. through government and non-government level. To organise various sports, cultural, academic and other activities for promotion of friendship.

k) To try exchange of trade and commerce among those three countries.

l) To persuade the three governments to reduce military budget and increase allocation for development work.

m) To take necessary initiative in the formation of confederation of the three countries like European Union has common currency, common pass-port and common parliament.

n) To act to protect human rights and to stop all kinds of its violation.

o) To collect donation without any condition to promote the objective of the forum.

 

7] Organisation principals;

 

Decision, statement, and write-up everything should be unanimous. Without consent of tri-national committee not a single new word can be used in any policy announcement. Three national committees carry the same program, same activity and same decision. Proportionate participation in tri-national committee is same. President, Secretary General and Treasurer are from three separate countries. First tri-national head quarter is at Bangladesh will be review only after 3 years.

 

8] Rules: -

 

1] B.B.P.P.F. itself will not take part in any national, regional, local government election in any of these three countries under its banner.

2] B.B.P.P.F. will not be registered or affiliates under any law in any circumstances in any country.

9] Membership:

a) Principal of Membership

Encourage other with own behavior.  Instead of rights only duty and responsibility is expected from a member. Unity, faith, and Sacrifice (TYAG, BALIDAN, EKTA / Ittefaque, Ittemag, Qurbani) are the inner force of a member who earns trust of the masses, earns prestige of the forum in turn. Discipline in the organisation is self imposed.

b) Qualification

Any citizen including non-resident of these three countries irrespective of age, cast, religion, profession, gender, nationality or political affiliation, individually and organisationally (any independent mass organisation, professional association, sports or cultural organisation) agree with the aims and objects, guidelines and stand of the forum, duly filling up the membership form and paying subscription, subject to the approval at national executive committee can be a member of the B.B.P.P.F.

c) Rights

C1. A member will have the right to contest any election, caste vote in favour of any candidate and participate in discussions in respective meeting where he/she is a member or delegate.

C2. Any member of any country can be a member of the national committee of that country and of tri-national committee subject to the decision of the respective conference.

C3. Member can propose for any program, can question and criticise on behavior of any leadership.

C4. A member can represent the forum in any other field of activity subject to information to his / her respective Committee.

d] Duties and responsibility

(1) Members must be clear in understanding about the mission of BBPPF.

(2) Member must develop a tri-national approach in all disputes in between these three countries.

(3) Member should not carry any hidden or open communal, sectional, casts and any imperialist agenda.

(4) Member would be rational and should not utter any vindictive term or language against other two countries, any particular religion, any political Party or organisation of other two countries from the platform of this forum.

(5) Member must collect funds from the legal and transparent source as per guideline of the constitution against proper receipt.

(6) Only Secretary General and Chairman of tri-national Committee, General Secretary, President, or otherwise authorized by the committee of any National Committee will meet the Press on National & International issue.

e] Cessation of membership: -

c1] Any Member or constituent, directly or indirectly, willingly or unwillingly working against the mission and constitution of the forum and working against norms of discipline

E2] if the activities of any member be found to be detrimental to the interest of the forum, his/her membership will be cancelled.

E3] membership will be automatically frozen to be a member if the subscription is not being paid within the financial year. However, the membership may be renewed after payment of all arrear dues along with current subscription.

8] Membership subscription: - for any individual membership is @ Rs. 100 (Bharat), Taka 100 (Bangladesh), and 100 rupee (Pakistan) per head and for any organisation Rs. 1000.00 per annum to be deposited along with membership form. Membership should be renewed annually.

Membership fees will be distributed proportionately 20:20:60 to National, Tri-national and State Committee (in case of Bangladesh District or Zonal committee).

9] Fund: - will be generated from the subscription, delegation fees, and special donation from member, patriotic well wisher and sympathisers. Special donation will be collected against proper receipt and as per decision of the committee only.

Receipt book; will be printed in the State level with full knowledge of National committee.

Tri-national contribution; Yearly contribution of each national chapter to Tri-national fund is $500.

10] Committees: It is generally expected other than old, experience, actively working in the field of practice, a member will be elected after actively participated the organisational activity at least 2 years.

10A] Tri-national General Council – 20 members from each Country = 60 Members forms the BBPPF Tri-national Council.

10B] Tri-national Executive committee: –

President – 1 from one country

Vice President – 2 from other two countries

Secretary General – 1 from one country

Joint Secretary – 2 from other two countries

Treasurer – 1 from any country

Executive members – 9 (3 from each country)

Total= 16

10C] Secretariat: - 7 Office bearers out of 16 will be form as Secretariat.

10D] National Committee: - one National committee will be formed in each country from their respective National conference. Nos. of members in National committee has maximum limit. Particular country will decide the number of national committee member in particular national conference.

National committee must consist with at least one member from each State where membership was issued.

10E] National Council – Number of National Council is no limit (should be decided by the National Conference as per the number of their membership). President, General Secretary, Treasurer of any Provincial or State Chapter will be treated as National Council member. That will be ratified in National Conference.

 

10F] National Executive Committee;

President – 1

Vice President – minimum 3, maximum 6

General Secretary – 1

Secretaries – minimum 3, maximum 10

Treasurer – 1

Jt. Treasurer – 1

Executive Member – minimum 15, maximum 31

Total = 25 – 51

 

10G] Zonal or State (Provincial) Executive Council

Not exceed than 50 members including its executive Committee

 

10H] Zonal or State (Provincial) Executive Committee

President – 1

Vice President – 3-6

General Secretary – 1

Secretaries – 3 – 6

Treasurer – 1

Jt. Treasurer – 1

General members – 9 – 15

Total = 19 – 31

10I] Zonal committee means - Either consisted with more than 3 State (Province) of a Country or more than 3 District where there is no State (Province).

 

10J] Subcommittees:

Under the national committee there will be several sub committees as and when required. Head of the Subcommittee will be called as Convener. All the Subcommittee Convener will be the National Council member.

 

11] Qualification, duties, right & liabilities of the Office Bearers:

General Secretary (G.S.): General Secretary will be the voluntarily whole timer of the forum. BBPPF is his/her only priority. G.S. will communicate with the members in the country and with the leaders of other two countries, issue circulars, notices, guidelines and direction of the organisation, convey the meeting of National level, and attend the State level meeting and conferences.

G.S. will publish the report time to time and submit written report in all the national level meetings; he will be the ex-officio member of all sub committees along with the president. G.S. will frame the strategy of the organisation therefore; he is generally liable for any failure of the Organisation. Only General Secretary along with or prior discussion with president will communicate with the National Government as and when necessary, subject to the decision of Secretariat and in emergency which will be ratified. G. S. is the spokes person of the Organisation until depute a formal spokes person of the Organisation.

Secretaries or National Secretaries: In absence of General Secretary of National Secretary will act as General Secretary. Other than particular department they will act on behalf of the General Secretary. They will keep contact with each other including General Secretary on daily basis.

They will see and observe the activities of National Government and international program in the country. Secretaries or N. Secretaries will not issue any press statement and reply to any international affairs.

President: President of BBPPF is responsible to talk to political organisation, Head of Political Parties, religious Masters of different School of thought. He will sum up the national-international situation and publish the observation of National-international situation by him time to time.

He will preside over all the national level meetings, seminars, conventions and conferences. He will guide the Vice Presidents to act on behalf of the Chair.

Vice Presidents – will act on behalf of the President. They will keep contact with each other including President on regular basis. Vice President will attend and preside over all regional meetings and State meetings. V.P’s will help president to be accurate the understanding the national-international situation. They will see and observe the activities of tri-national governments and zonal development & prepare its reply and statement.

Treasurer – is the fund manager, fund raiser, fund creator. He will collect subscriptions and donations from the members through National Secretaries/ Secretaries. He will prepare monthly report and send to General Secretary in writing. He is entitled to pursue & collect funds. He has to prepare a budget on the basis of plan & program decided in the national committee meeting. Treasurer will keep contact with the treasurers of the State chapters. Treasurer of National committee will be liable to pay yearly subscription to tri-national Committee.

He should be expertise in creative idea collecting fund as per our.

He will be the head of the financial subcommittee of the National Committee.

12] Meetings

Annual General meeting of National and provincial level must be held within three month of closing the financial year.

National and provincial Conference will be held bi-yearly.

There will be no general meeting or conference in Zonal level.

Special General meeting can be called as and when require.

Requisition meeting can be called by 50% of committee members.

Schedule and duration of Executive Committee meeting will be determined by that general Council.

Notice of any meeting or conference will be circulated through e-mail and or SMS or in other way.

General Secretary of any Committee will be responsible to issue notice of the meeting.

13] Reporting (for tri-national committee): -

Frequent communication among the committees and the executive system within the organisation is daily. Report will be place through recorded telephone or e-mail or videoconference or messenger conference.

14] Quorum of the meeting: -

At least 1/3rd members presence in a meeting will form quorum.

15] Minority opinion: -

All committee will run and act on the basis of consensus in the all important strategic and tactical matter and issue. If difference of opinion arises in small and technical matters decision will be taken on the basis of majority opinion. In such case if wants minority opinion will be recorded and circulated within that Committee and preserved in the national committee.

16] Accounts:will be maintained at national & provincial level. Bank account will be other than particular case, generally operated by any two the President, General Secretary and treasurer of the respective committee. Accounting or Financial year is 1st January to 31st December.

 

17] Review of the Constitution: -

Constitution of the forum, if necessary, can only be reviewed only in the tri-national conference subject to prior notice of national committee and acceptance of Tri-national committee after three years.



Obseve: 2015 is the centenary of 1st provisional Government of India

“No religion is greater than love””No religion is greater than love”
Freedom Raja Mahendra Pratap is one of those legendary freedom fighters who lighted the way for others in those decades of depression that followed the failure of 1857 Independence struggle. We pay our homage to him. He was born a prince. Like most other princerely youths, he did not like the chains of slavery. Unlike the other princes, he did not aim at pleasing the British rulers and gaining higher principalities, greater strappings of British honours etc. He could have more easily attempted to gain the British favours. But he preferred to dream of gaining freedom for his country. He boldly decided to leave our country and venture upon his perilous mission to seek the assistance of people and rulers of other neighbouring and distant countries to gain national freedom. He conceived the idea of forming the independent Government of India, in rivalry to or in place of the British Government, discarding the then fashionable and palpable practice of petitioning the British Crown and Parliament.
He formed the Ist Indian govt. in Afghanistan. He went from continent to continent, met the leaders of Governments as well as parliamentary or revolutionary movements in many countries and sought their support. The rulers of Afghanistan gave him much support. He gained their confidence to such an extent that they gave him ambassadorial facilities and privileges, so that he could gain the ear of the rulers, leaders and other influential persons of many countries.

He got in touch with other revolutionaries such as Lala, Hardayal Madame Gama M.N. Roy,Subash Chandra Bose, Uddham Singh, Kama-gatin Maru heroes of Gaddar party in France England a U.S.A. and U.S.S.R. and finally found a powerful and useful niche in Japanese political life. Like Mahatma Gandhi, he believed in peaceful means and in universal love. He wanted to weaken British Imperialism in the international arena. He sought the goodwill of many eminent statesmen and rulers. In these directions, his work lent much strength to the Gandhian revolution engendered by National Congress from masses. Once India achieved National freedom. Jawaharlal Nehru, our Prime Minister hastened to invite Mahendra Pratap to Independent India, as the great hero of our freedom.

Provisional Govt. of India: officially it was the provisional govt. Hind. It was founded on the 1st of dec, 1915 in a room of the palace of Bagh Babar of Kabul, Afghanistan. Only five persons were present. Raja Mahendra Pratap Singh became the president and Moulana Barkatulla became the Prime Minister. Later Moulana Ubaidullah Sindhi accepted the portfolio of the Home Minister and the Minister of publicity. About twenty young men, students from Lahore and two Sikhs formed the Secretariat. Much later Moulvi Bashir Ahmad was appointed Minister of War Mr. Champakaraman Pillai became Foreign Minister with his office at Berlin. Minister Ali Zakaria was Minister of Communications. A secret treaty was made with the Royal Government of Afghanistan it was signed by Rajah and H. M. The Amir of Afghanistan Habibullab Khan. The most important clause of the treaty was that Afghanistan would lend fifty thousand troops to fight in India against the British. For every Afghan soldier killed free India would give ten thousand rupees. River Sind was to be the boundary between Free India and Afghanistan. Afghanistan was to declare war against the British when twenty five thousand soldiers arrived from Germany.

Activities of provisional Government: Maulana Ubaidulla sent men to India with messages and government proclamations to army to rebel and to drive out the British from India (Some of them can be seen in the National Archives) He was from Deoband Muslim University. He had his men in Sind, Punjab and Bihar, besides at Deoband.

Rajaji’s letters were sent to the elder brother of Acharya Kripalani who was Musalman. Acharya Ji himself told Rajaji that he took his letters to Vrindaban, Allahabad and Benaras. Rajaji requested Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya Ji, Babu Shiv Prasad Gupta and Babu Narain Das of Vrindaban to spread his messages. Rajaji as the President sent a letter on a solid gold plate to the Zar of Russia. It was taken to Tashkent by Mr Khushi Mohemmod and Doctor Mathura Singh named by Rajaji Shamsber Singh. They were received by Governor Kropotkin. Governor said letter to the Zar would be forwarded. Presents sent by Rajaji were not accepted. Envoys were asked to return to Kabul and it was promised that answer would be sent to Afghanistan. In this mission head was Sardar Shamsher Singh. Mohemmod Ali was his assistant. They came to Kabul.

Prime Minister Sardar Nasrullah Khan became very hopeful. He at his own expense organised the army of twelve thousand Afridies at the frontier. This army fought here and there. Shamsher Singh insisted on going to Russia. Mr. Qadir Bakhsh or Khuda Bakhsh was made the head of the second Mission. Shamsher Singh was made his assistant. They were, however, not allowed to proceed to Tashkent. They remained at Tirmiz. Thence they were handed over to the British at Meshad in Iran. Shamsher Singh was hanged at Peshawar and Bakhsh, being a son of some high official, was interned.

The second Mission carried letters to Japan, China and America. It was only to travel through Siberia. Rajaji wrote letters to the Japanese and Chinese governments and Maulana wrote letters to his American friends. A Mission to friends in Iran was also sent. Mr. Carsasp and a Sikh Sardar were given messages. They were arrested by the British in Seistan and were shot at the spot. Carsasp was a Parsi and his father was once a Dewan of Baroda.

Mr. Udbam Singh or Kala Singh carried the letter of the Chancellor Bethwen Hollweg and my message to the King of Nepal. Germany recognised him as His Majesty. Rajaji had to appeal strongly for it. Later the British reco­gnised het tile .Kala Singh was helped by Mujahidin of Asma.s. One day back Kala Singh was arrested. Mujahidin escaped and give the news to Rajaji how well mission was received by tbe Royal Prime Minister of Nepal.

Maulana Barkatullah reached Moscow in 1918 after that Rajaji had passed Russia, helped by Mr. Trotsky. Rajaji going through Russia in March, 1918 was triumphal He was taken by a special train from Tashkent to Petrograd which latter become Leningrad. He spoke at a meeting where audience, was twenty five thousand.

When Rajaji was in Europe, in early 1919, a great chance happened in Afghanistan. Amir Habibullah was murdered and King Amanullah came to the throne. Home Minister Udaidullah encouraged the king to declare war on the British govemment in India.This news brought Rajaji flying to Russia. It is another interesting story how he got four companions, how he flew over the fighting line between Red White Russians. With two companions he reached Moscow, It was at this time that Rajaji was received by comrade Lenin at the Kremlin. Five Indians and Professor Vosnesenski of the Foreign office were with him at the historical interview. The credit goes to Maulana Barkatulla for estab1ishing very good relations with the Soviet Foreign Office which introduced him to Comrade Lenin.

Mr. Karakhan arranged Journey to go to Kabul with Mr. Surits who was appointed Ambassador. It was promised that Russia would help Rajaji in his plan of Revolution in India. Rajaji and Mr. Surits arrived on the 12th December 1921 at Kabul. War with Kosaks near Ural Mountain and horse back travel from Herat to Kabul delayed them. King Amanullah followed his advice and friendly treaty was made between Afghanistan and Soviet Russia. Maulvie Abdur Rub and Acharya who accompanied Rajaji from Beriin to Moscow and thence to Kabul were expelled by King Amanullah from Afghanistan for anti Afghanistan activities. It may also be mentioned that they were later expelled by Russia, too.

King Amanullah asked Rajaji to go on his Mission, to China, Japan, Tibet, Siam, America, Germany and Turkey. This Mission, however, had to end at Tashkent when Afghanistan could make peace with England. Rajaji returned royal letters. Maulana Ubaidullah left Kabul when King Amanullah asked him to end all activities of his Provisional Government of India in Afghanistan. He stayed long in Moscow and later left for Turkey and Mecca. Maulana Barkatulla left Moscow for Berlin, Germany.

1n 1925 he collected twelve thousand dollars from Indian workers in California with the help of Gaddar party and Afghan Association. Two thousa­nd dollars Rajaji sent for Maulana Barkatullah and three other Indian friends in Germany. He also took seven Indian volunteers to go with him to Tibet. The idea was that as Rajaji had opened up western route to India with Russian, Afghan and Mujahidin of the Indian frontier co-operation. He opened the northern route with Chinese, Tibetan and Nepal Cooperation.

They landed in Japan. Proceeded to Peking and Kalgan. Marshal Feng Yu Shiag gave his full support. Here it may also be mention that Mr. Kara­khan, Ambassader of Russia at Peking gave him a verbal message for Dalai Lama in answer to his se­cret letter to Russia.

Through Via Ningsha Lanch they arrived at Sining Fu. Here general Nachi gave him great miltary welcome. Here Rajajl bought hor­ses and mules to travel in Tibet. His subordinate governor of Cheku. Tibetan name Faigundo, received him warmly and gave a Chinese banquet. They were guests of the Tibetan Governor of Chhomdo. Lama Phag, Phala Head of the Eastern Tibet Monesatries, became Rajaji’s good friend. They were, however, asked to leave Chhomdo and wait outside the Tibetan territory till an answer came from Lhasa. They returned to neutral Gomba. At last, They were back at Chhomdo. They were again the guests of the Governor. Now Dalai Lama’s answer was received. They were told they were free to remain in Tibet but they could not proceed to Lhassa. Nepali counsel­ did not answer his letter; He had to take permission from Kathmandu. His money was finishing. He had brought Chinese silver. It had good value in Tibet but the volunteers, Chinese and Tibetan servants and twenty horses and mules had to be fed.

Rajaji decide to return by the southern route. It was dramatic move of the Tibetan central govt. The Prime minister himself coming from Lhasa met him on the way. He told him he had come to inspect frontier fighting. He presented him a powerful binocular. Passage was difficult. He had to pass to passes covered by snow. Executive board of India was established during the world war at Tokyo. Japan. Rajaji was the president; Babu Rash Behari Bose was the vice president and Mr. Anand Mohan Sahay the general secretary. Rajaji made contacts with German and Italian embassies. He held meetings on the 20th Nov. 1941.Aryan flag was hoisted. Its activities came to an end when he did not agree with the plan of the Japanese govt. and Babu Ras Behari Bose and Mr. Sahay agreed. Both went to Singapore and Bangkok. Rajai had objected to the Japanese plan as he did not want Japanese troops to enter India. Is another story that the plan did not work. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose later on was invited from Germany. He came and formed the second govt. in exile. He followed Rajaji’s plan and he could work on a larger scale.



Inside Story of, a critical appraisal and analytical assessment of Quit India movement / August Kranti 1942

August Kranti – 1942 A critical appraisal

Background

History of the Freedom movement in India records the conflict of British conception of Indian lack of unity and India’s claim of unity based on Anti-imperialistic struggle and right of self determination. Having suffered defeat in the effort to maintain the integrity of the British Empire. Britain successfully imposed its theory of ‘Divide & Rule’ the diversity of the Indian people. They bolstered Zamindars, comprador capitalists, corrupt bureaucrats, Hindu-Muslim communalists, and widened the gulf between castes, races and communities. In this process leaders Jinnah, Gandhi, Saravakar, Naikar, Ambedkar were built up on National Political scene eliminating Nationalist Revolutionaries. After 1931 Karachi session of Congress two new elements came to dominate the national political horizon: one was organized Kisan movement led by Swami Sahajanand Saraswati and other led by Nationalist Revolutionary Subhas Chandra Bose and socialism became the common ideological plank of two converging streams.

It may be said without exaggeration that his Presidentship of the Indian National Congress in 1938 proved to be a turning point of India. Bose was a born rebel. He believed that future of Indian lay with that radical and militant focus that will be able to undergo the sacrifice and suffering necessary for winning the freedom. Naturally he became the hero of young generation and icon of toiling masses who believed in aggressive methods and socialism. Subhas did not favoured the idea of Gandhi of accepting office and strucking compromise with imperialism. Gandhi miscalculated that responsibilities of office of Presidentship would moderate Subhas Chandra’s extremist ardour. Thus he was selected to preside over the congress of Haripura on 19 February 1938.

But, things moved fast in cyclonic order. His popularity earned him the highest post of congress in those turbulent days when men were impatient and were tired of talk of surrender by Gandhiates. Subhas took up the thread and laid special stress upon national planning, unity and organization of the masses for the national struggle. His policy of large scale industrialization and stiffening of opposition against compromise with Britain caused annoyance in Gandhian, Zamindar, Comprador Capitalist and Pro British elite circle who were looking forward to an understanding with the British Government in the name of defense of Freedom Democracy and menacing situation in European contrary. Subhas began an open propaganda and preparation throughout India to prepare the Indian people for a national struggle which should synchronise with the coming war in Europe and strengthen the country’s determination to resist the scheme of federation proposed by Britishers with all its undemocratic and anti national features. Bose also refused to be a puppet President and act in accordance with the wishes of Gandhi.

That completed the breach between Subhashites and Gandhiates wing of the Congress. As expected Gandhian candidate Pattabhi Sitarammaya suffered defeat and Bose was re-elected in 1939 at Tripuri Session. Sahajanand stood shoulder to shoulder by side of Subhas Chandra. Subhas gave ultimatum to Britain that if Britain did not grant independence to  India within six months, then India should take advantage of war in Europe to seek armed assistance from the powers ranged against Britain in the war. This sparked and alarmed the admirers of Britain and a battle royal was waged at the open session of Tripuri to appoint the members of working committee in consultation with Gandhi. Subhas was wanted to include three each from neutrals, Gandians and from his own choice.

Three Gandhians were:

Ballabh Bhai Patel.

Rajendra Prasad.

Maulana Azad

Three neutrals were:

Jawahar Lal Nehru.

M.N. Roy.

Jaya Prakash or Narendra Deo.

Three favourites were:

Swami Sahajanand Saraswati.

Nariman.

Kavishwar Shardul Bikram Singh.

General Secretary Kriplani had to be replaced. This was totally unacceptable to Gandhi. For the first time Congress was going to slip from Gandhi after 1920 Nagpur session. Gandhi’s extra constitutional authority was going to be seriously challenged and destroyed and implicit confidence in Gandhi that he alone can lead the congress was shattered completely. To resist the imposition of war on India Subhas resolved to observe 23rd April as Anti War Day. In the face of the facts narrated above, the inference is in is unavoidable. President was warned by defunct working committee that it was not possible for him to act independently. As a result this created a deadlock. Subhas was debarred for holding any elected post in Congress for three years and Sahajanand was expelled for six years. Subhas and Sahajanand accused congress leaders close to Gandhi of planning a deal with British on 10th August 1939 Gandhian spelt out again with Gandhi’s full support Congress policy on the approaching war in Europe.

“In this world crisis the sympathies of the working committee are entirely with the people who stand for democracy and Freedom.” (Mohan Das – Rajmohan Gandhi P. 446)

Subhas Formed the Forward Bloc as a platform to fight more effectively the right wing Gandhain and also for preparing in major crisis to act on his own, even if the right wing failed to rise to the occasion. Congress banned any active or passive resistance to British Raj without approval of provincial congress committees. Forward Blocist and Kisan Sbahasites opposed the decision and observed protest day on 8 September 1939 but M.N. Roy and Congress socialist party did not join the protest day. Thus left consolidation committee’s unity was broken. Hitler’s war victory had shattered the British Raj and congress alliance. A large delegates of All India Congress Committee and vast mass of general public were against compromise formulae of Gandhi and Anti compromise session was held at Ramgarh on 19-20 March 1940 presided by Subhas Chandra Bose. Swami Sahajanand Saraswati was chairman of reception committee. Soon after forming the Forward Bloc platform, Bose launched his propaganda offensive throughout the country from May 1939 onwards. In July of the same year he organized protest demonstration against attempts of the Gandhian Right wing to curb democratic expression of opinion through meeting rally, dharna, strike and other activities. As a result disciplinary action was taken by the Gandhian High Command virtually expelling Subhas Chandra from the party along with his supporters.

Those who stood by Subhas in dark days of crisis important name is that of Swami Sahajanand Saraswati, Nariman, Kavishwar Shardul Vikram Singh, H.V. Kamath, N.G. Ranga, Soli Batalibala, Asharfuddin Chaudhary, Miyan Akabar Shah, Somanath Lahiri, Ram Krishna Khatri, Lal Shankar Lal, Anna Punnaya, Sheel Bhadrayajee, Padmakant Malviya, Dhanaraj Sharma, others were Abdul Gafoor, Pawar Ram, Ram Vilash Sharma, Mathura Prasad Mishra, Yogendra Shukla, Ram Lakhan Singh Yadav. All other the top leadership of Congress along with M.N. Roy, Jaya Prakash, Narendra Deo, stood with Gandhi, Christian Adivasi leader Jaipal Singh was with Gandhi.

History records that after 1931 when Bhagat Singh was executed with connivance of Gandhi as a result of Gandhi – Irwin Pact only Subhas Chandra Bose and Swami Sahajanand represented the only distinctive, revolutionary, independent, and alternative current in India’s national politics competing with the Right wing lead by Gandhi, Nehru and his supporters like Narendra Deo etc. were oscillating, wavering and in doldrums Rama Swamy Naikar and Ambedkar were busy with number of seats in Assembly. Savarkar has abandoned the Revolutionary politics and was busy in social activity. Position of Naikar, Savarkar and Ambedkar were not clearly against the British Raj during the decade of 1930 and 1940.

Swami Sahajanand as Chairman of Reception Committee said to the audience”

“It is the time for us even to think of a compromise with him? Is it on the most opportune movement to strike a fatal blow at him and win our emancipation we are hungring and thirting after. British imperialism although struggling hard and attempting disparately for its very existence under the dreadful danger of being eclipsed fully and wiped out completely, treats our demand for even the full fledged dominion status with unusual contempt and yet we talk and think in the terms of an honourable settlement with it and that too, to achieve complete independence! Do you not feel the pinch of this shameful move of our national leadership, bent upon dishonoring mother India?”

He opined:

“We want to establish here complete emancipation of the masses from the triple bondage and exploitation of feudalism, imperialism and capitalism to Kisan, Majdurs and other producers of wealth. Can anything but on uncompromising struggle achieve it?

He ridiculed the Mahatma Gandhi and others for his aim to achieve dominion status as a result of change of heart though British had no heart at all, when the unbounded love and perfect non-violence displayed towards it by the Mahatmas Deputy, Mahatmas, Assistant Mahatmas and their staunch followers.

Content of Swami’s speech was:

“In a nutshell we stand for an all round revolution. Frankly speaking I never believe in these (Change of heart and complete non violence). And it is only on the Marxian line I maintain that the society can be rebuilt in order to be free from Himsa and exploitation of all descriptions. Freedom of ‘Ireland’s the direct result of fight and not of the talk of compromise and settlement.”

Subhas picked up the threat and summed up in clear, straight language and told that task before the country is to have clear ideology, clear programme, clear plan of action for final assault on the citadel of imperialism. He said that those who are not against imperialism are Pseudo socialist. Socialism at this stage is of anti imperialistic character, country is ready and this is the time to fight immediately and we shall fight.

He raised the slogan, “Either give us Freedom or Death”.

So, it is clear that “Quit India Movement” was started from Ramgrah on 19 March 1940 by Subhas Chandra and his colleagues. Gandhi only participated in it belatedly on 9 August 1942 half heartedly under compulsion of prevalent circumstances. Credit goes to Subhas and the situation which was ripe for struggle. In those turbulent and opportune times Gandhiji was out and out for compromise and surrender. One morning in the third week of January 1941 India was thrilled to hear that Subhas Chandra Bose enemy number one of British Raj had escaped the British surveillance and disappeared from his Calcutta detunes. He was assisted in his Endeavour by members of communist party, Jamiat-e-Ulama-e-Hind, and Ahrar Party. He wanted to go to Russia but then Soviet Russia already joined the Anglo-French Block against Germany-Japan Axis, so Subhas was compelled to change his plan by the prevalent circumstances. The world heard about when Subhas when he himself began speaking on the radio from Germany in November 1941, nine months after his disappearances from India.

This resulted in declaration of 9 August announced from Bombay which is known as “Quit India Movement”.

(Subhas reached Germany and latter Japan in his quest for foreign armed assistance to dislodge the British from India. The die was cast. Netaji decided to risk everything. He landed Singapore on July 2, 1943. Singapore fell to the Japanese forces).

Netaji as a Supreme Commander of Indian National Army took over the leadership of the Liberation movement from Rashbihari Bose in Eastern Asia. He supported Aung Song of Burma and Sukarno of Indonesia. U Tube Submarine of axis nations began to move along eastern coast of India and Calcutta was traversed by plane of axis nations. Ghanshyam Das Birla was panicked and he asked Mahadeo Desai to influence Gandhi to do something.

Inside Story of Quit India:

Point to be noted is what led Mr. Gandhi on October 11 to decide to start individual civil disobedience agitation? First to be arrested was Vinoba Bhave. Only selected persons were asked to offer satyagraha. When Subhas gave clarion call to start war of independence, Gandhi had no option and he had to save his face. When Subhas demanded complete independence and the country moved favourably towards him Gandhi was forced to search a way for his bailout without hearting the Raj and at the same time confusing the political atmosphere.

What led Mr. Gandhi to announce “Do or die” on 9 August 1942. It was again Indian National Army’s advancement towards Manipur and havoc created by air strike on Calcutta that Gandhi was forced to counter balance Subhas’s popularity on one side and on the other to assure Japan that Indian National Leaders were not against Japan, meaning that Japan should not and need not treat India as enemy country, so that factories of industrialist of India situated at Calcutta may be saved. There was debate which block will win. Baldev believed that Japan would win where as others capitalists believed that Anglo French Block would win. Nehru was for Anglo French Block where as Mahatma was in doldrums. At last, he decided that who so ever may win, we should wait and watch and in the mean time British Jail would be better place for passing the time without giving any concrete plan to masses.

The draft dealt with a likely Japanese attack on India’s east coast. Wanting India to face the possibility of Britain’s defeat or evacuation, Gandhi composed the following resolution:

“The committee desires to assure the Japanese government and people that India bears no enmity either towards Japan or toward any other nation”

Nehru – Azad differed and disliked the appeasement to Japanese. Six members and five invitees favoured Gandhi-Prasad draft while four members and two invitees preferred Nehru’s when votes were taken. Azad as President did not vote. Gopalachari opposed both. At last Nehru yielded. Two foes of Gandhi were included in the Viceroy’s Executive Council in July 1942. Ambedkar was one and N.B. Khare was another who was removed on ground of indiscipline from the congress arbitrarily.

An aggressive Japan and powerful rival Subhas was at India’s gate Gandhi heard reports that Bose’s supporters would assist incoming Japanese and I.N.A. forces. The enlarged war succeeding Gandhi, his life work and his dream aside. His position was threatened panicked. Nehru was talking of guerrilla warfare against incoming forces.

As Gandhi put it:

“India is not the home at the British people. If they are overwhelmed, they will retire from India everyman and woman and child, even as they retired from Singapore, Malaya and Rangoon”

Nehru commented:

“The draft conveyed sympathy with Japan and the expectation that the Axis powers would win”. (Source – Rajmohan Gandhi – Mahatma and Suniti Kumar Ghosh: British Raj, The Big bourgeogee) Rajmohan opined that:

“Quit India passion was not devoid at reason: it would strong then the congress in India”.

Lord Lin Lithgo treated Gandhi as an instigator of violence and disorder while Government was engaged in the task of Quelling disturbances. Rajmohan Gandhi opines – (P. 358 as above).

“His (Gandhi) sole aim was to rescue Britain from his false position as an imperialist power and to re-establish its fame as the true champion of freedom and democracy”.

He further writes –

Gandhi’s insisted that there was no movement as neither the congress committee nor he had either given the order to start it or placed any programme before the country. The correspondence was unique in the history of the struggle for independence, but it proved sterile. Rajani Palme Dutt has quoted the letter written by Gandhi in his book “India Today”. Gandhi could not convince Viceroy about the purity of his motives.

Subhas supporters were assisting Fazlul Haque in forming the Government in Bengal to thrawt the formation of Government with the support of Muslim League. The Governance of Bengal John Herbert, was extremely suspicious of the coalition in which Subhas Bose’s followers were strongly entrenched. Governor intervened and kicked out Haque. (History of the Freedom Movement : Tarachand Page 356-57).

Gandhian sided with Governor. In Punjab the unionist Party Government led by Khizr Hayat Khan was also dismissed. In North-West Frontier Province. Dr. Khan Sahib was also compelled to resign. In Sindh Allah Baksh, a nationalist minister was also dismissed by Governor. In Assam Saadullah a leaguer formed the Ministry. Thus five province came under the rule of Muslim League with active support of the British Government. This is clear indication that Guandhian policy completely failed in dealing with Muslim masses.

When Congress leaders went to Jail without giving any propgramme and line of action to be followed the masses moved hither and thither swayed by the multiplicity of influence but were soon organized by Forward Blocists and Revolutionery Socialist Party and underground Nationalists like Siyaram Singh in Bhagalpur and Nana Patil in Satara, Keshav Prasad Sharma in Allahabad, Jharkhande Roy in Eastern Uttar Pradesh, revolutionaries of Midanapur and nationalists of Balia. The districts of Ballia excelled in Uttar Pradesh and Bhagalpur in Bihar. Siyaram Singh did not surrender till Congress Ministry formation in 1946. Several Police stations, Post offices, stations, were destroyed, roads and wire of Telephone were cut. Number of occasions when military fired were 68 and number of police firing were 601, number of fatal casualities were 761, number of casualities inflicted were 1941, number of police stations destroyed were 208.

Yogendra Shukla, Ram Nandan Mishra, Suraj Narayan Singh, Gulali Sona, Jaya Prakash and Shaligram Singh fled away from Hazaribagh Jail but after arrest of leader Yogendra Shukla, they could not do anything note worthy. Jaya Prakahs and Ram Nandan Mishra were given shelter by Raja Manshure was father in law of Ram Nandan Mishra and queen of Kashi was his own sister. Jaya Prakash was interested only in political alacrity and populous work. Aruna Asaf Ali, Achyut Patwardhan, Usha Mehta, Gulali Sonar, Siyaram Singh, Nana Patil did political work and damaged British Property and operated secret wireless.

In October 1941, J.P. Jailed in Deoli was caught trying to slip, via his wife visiting him. When he was condemned by Raj, Gandhi came to his rescue.

“Frankly, all nationalist forces no matter by what names they may are described are at war with the government.

According to the accepted canons of war the method adopted by J.P. is perfect by legitimate. To practice deception, to resort to secret methods and even to plot murder are all honourable and turn the perpetrators into national heroes.

Are not Clive and Warren Hastings British heroes?….” (The Hindu 23-10-1941).

This is example of double talking of Gandhi. He had two standards to measure non-violence and its purity. In left circle it is generally presumed that J.P. was planted by Americans in Indian politics when Germany got a setback in Normandy and Japan in Eastern War Theatre, Gandhi again began to look upon British on the whole as a freedom loving people whose conscience was not altogether impervious to appeals. He was put in citadel of Aga Khan along with his wife secretary and hundreds volunteers and servants for service. He engaged himself in compromise exercise manifested in talks with Crips, Wavels, cabinet mission and mediocre like Gopalachari and Bhula Bhai Desai.

In the same period, Subhas undertook the organization of the provisional Government of Free India and to inspire the army with fresh zeal to fight for independence he gave the stirring call

“We have a grim fight ahead of US far the enemy is powerful, unscrupulous and ruthless. In this final march to freedom you will have to face hunger, deprivation, forced marches and death, only when you pass this test, will freedom be yours.”

The battle cry was “Delhi Chalo, on to Delhi”.

Very soon his army captured Andamans Nicobar Island and moved up to Imphal in Manipur. He named the Islands as “Shahid and Swaraj Dwip” Although Bose finally lost the battle and had to withdraw, inspite of that his endeavour and his army was a warning to India’s foreign rulers that they could no longer depend implicity upon the loyalty of the Indian troops to keep India under their control.

The I.N.A. was a portent. In 1946 Navy revolted. Thus was the eye opener for Britishers. They were forced to transfer power and provide dominion status of 15 August 1947. India became free from shackles of direct colonization on that day. India was divided. Kisans, Mazdoors, and others toiling masses were deprived from opportunity to make their constitution.

India’s freedom was at last won but independence obtained was not full fledged, Gandhi failed in keeping India united. When Gandhi decided to support the partition plan in A.I.C.C. meeting, Congress Socialist Party did not oppose the Gandhi. But Sahajanand, Gaffar Khan, Purusottam Das Tondon, Bardolai, Gidwani, Algu Rai Shastri, Mohan Lal Gautam, Sibban Lal Saxena, Abdul Ghani, and others opposed Gandhi vehemently in the meeting. The dominion status for free India ensured a special position to the British interests and the membership of the common wealth proved to be a legacy of imperialism. Even after 15 August, 1947, head of state in India remained the same, the mountbatten. Thus was the real predicament that the influence of foreign capital in free India remained intact. While rural independence won to some extent, war of liberation was lost completely.

The Muslim League’s direct action call was mainly responsible for the holocaust which followed. The Hindu generally and the Sikhs specially were made target of out rages in 1946-47. In Lahore, Amritsar, Multan, Kohat and Rawalpindi, the Sikhs were victims of the most virulent attacks.

The Sikhs nursed ideas of revenge. The 55000 force of boundary military stood aloof as they had no order to check the riot. They were ordered only to provide facilities to refugees who wanted to cross the border.

(Tarachand as above Raj Mohan Gandhi: Sardar Patel).

More than crores were out rooted murdered, raped, abducted, looted. Atlee’s statement of February 1947 definitely fixed the date of British abdication but it was ambiguous concerning the succession. It gave an open license for Pakistan in some form or other. Muslim separatism derived encouragement.

Analytical Assessment of Quit India

History is a process in time which on the one hand links the present with the past and on the hand it is also the path finder of future. It needs to be analysed that what is the role of 1942 in India’s war of independence and how it worked?

The Indian National Congress which was founded in 1885 as an organ of Barometer of the nascent political consciousness became the object of suspicious after 1920. Gandhi’s practice of Hindu orthodoxy and his participation in Khilafat destroyed its national character which was arduously built up by Tilak and Jinnah during 1916 Lucknow Pact. The constitutional Reform of 1909, 1919 and 1935 accentuated the sepeartist tendencies. The behaviour of provincial Government of 1937-39 engulfed the cleavage. Muslims felt betrayed in Uttar Pradesh after 1937 election. After the virtual expulsion of Subhas and Sahajanand from the Congress in 1939, left the political constitutional field in the hand of Comprador Bourgeois – Feudal Lord  Class in Congress and League was also in the grip of Zamindar, Nawab and Babu class mostly from Zaindar families. Gandhi, Patel, Rajendra Prasad were from feudal background and Nehru, Pant were vakils of Zamindars. Analysis of the Muslim members returned to the council of Uttar Pradesh in 1937 shows.

No.

Nawabs, Rajas and Zamindars          21

Khan Bhadurs                                  12

Advocates mostly from Zamindar   23

Others                                            10

60

(Mujeeb M., the partition of India ‘n Retrospect)

The success of the Muslim League and Gandhi during 1942 was more due to the British rulers’ favouratism, persistent encouragement and support than to their own effort. Swami Sahajanand was icon of war of independence through kisan movement. Subhas Chandre Bose was icon of war of independence through mazdoor movements and Armed struggle. When both were forced to leave the Congress, their social base of Kisan, Mazdoor and toiling masses also deserted the Congress, leaving it totally in the hands of Babu Class. During the famine of Bengal in 1942, the gulf between peasantry and Zamindar widened and contradiction between kisan and Zamindar took command turn as most of Zamindars were Hindus and most of peasants were Muslims. Now, there was no Subhas to check and control the inherent hatred. It was beyond the capacity and liking of Gandhi to bridge the gap. Situation was further aggravated when Communist Party of India bent to support to Pakistan in the name of oppressed nationality and self determination. Now Gandhi and Jinnah emerged as top leader of Comprador Class in their respective communities. Communists supported Gandhi and Nehru as well in the name of ‘National bourgeoisie’, ‘national alliance, ‘national democracy’, ‘national front’, ‘national leader’ etc. etc.

The movement of 1942 was in actual practice conducted by Subhasists and underground nationalist revolutionaries.

 The ‘Quit India’ Movement of 1942 was a watershed in India’s struggle for freedom. A unique feature of the ‘Movement’ was formation of a series of independent local Governments in some parts of the country, like Satara in Maharashtra, Ballia in Uttar Pradesh and Tamluk in West Bengal. Among these, the ‘Tamralipta Jatiya Sarkar’ (National Government) of Tamluk was really innovative since it set up Police Stations, Military Departments, Courts and even a system for revenue collection. Those who played important roles in the uprising in Tamluk included Ajoy Kumar Mukherjee and Matangini Hazra, among others. The Satish Chandra Sarkar continued to function till August 1944, when taking note of the changed circumstances, Mahatma Gandhi advised to wind up its activities. [Tamralipta Jatiya Sarkar.pib.nic.in/archieve/lreleng/lyr2002/rdec2002/16122002/r]

‘Tamralipta Jatiya Sarkar’ was formed in Tamluk and Contai Sub-divisions. Satish Chandra Samanta was the ‘Sarbadhinayak’ (Chief), Ajay Kumar Mukhopadhyay was the Finance Secretary and Sushil Kumar Dhara was Home Secretary. This ‘Jatiya Sarkar’ stayed for a long time, from 17th December 1942 to 1st September 1944. They surrendered on 1st September 1944 after receiving an order from Mahatma Gandhi. [http://paschimmedinipur.org/profile/index.php].

First Rashtrapati (President of United India) Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose planned to enter the Country through this way.

The Congress adventure ended in fiasco when they were put in Jail and misadventure of Jaya Prakashasists ended in populism and advertisement. But mass uprising of 1942 led by Forward Blocists and like minded revolutionaries and Endeavour of Indian National Army forced the alien rulers to leave the jeweled colony in haste by transferring the power in the hand of their protégé, so that their economical interest may not be hampered. The credit of India’s independence certainly goes to 1942 and I.N.A. but at the same time the capture of state power by Comprador class also owe its due to quit India movement which was coined by Comprador class after disappearance of Subhas. Subhas’s struggle was not devoid of class conceptions but Gandhi’s call was totally devoid of class consciousness. Under current connivance of Gandhiates with British Raj was apparent. Britishers did not harm any Gandhiates or follower of then socialists in 1942. All were kept safety in Jail and were protected by Raj as real mass leader. There was no one to counter balance the intrigue of Gandhi, Nehru and their followers like J.P. and others.

The betrayal of the Indian National Congress, failure of Congress Socialist Party and Communist Party consisted in taking Indian Nationalism for granted as natural attitude of Communities of India. They either discontinued the class struggle or abandoned it or discouraged it on the other hand, the Muslim minority exaggerated its fears and apprehensions to ridiculous lengths. They represented the Hindus and Gandhi as tyrannical mousers but upon to destroy their culture, religion and language. Almost up to the end Jinnah was himself not sure and in any case for a long time used the demand of Pakistan as a bargaining point. It ceased to be so used only after June 3, 1947 when Government in clear and unambiguous term gave its ultimatum and final decision in favour of partition. Jinnah was bewildered when Pakistan was served before him in a plate. Due to intervention of Raj Gandhi and Ambedkar forgot their difference. Whole Comprador Class was united when power was being transferred to them. Thus general mass lost the war of independence. They had no icon of Subhas stature at the crucial period of 1947 to challenge the articulation of Gandhi and Comprador class.

This is the untold story of impact, consequence substance and essence of 1942’s Quit India Movement.